Brackets & Counters
Continuing on with our one-foot turn series, today we are going to discuss the two one-foot turns that rotate ‘counter’ or opposite to the initial edge – Brackets & Counters.
Brackets are a one foot turn that have a change of direction, change of edge and rotates counter to the initial direction or entry edge causing an outside cusp (i.e. the employed skate to deviate outside of the circle as it rotates).
Using the same example as I did for my Three’s & Rockers blog post, if i was traveling in a forward outside direction and decided i wanted to perform a bracket, i would rotate counter to the initial direction my body was traveling creating an outside cusp. As i exited my cusp, i would now be on a backward inside edge.
What i would also notice is that my overall trajectory (or path in which I, an object, am traveling) would have changed. So using the diagram below for reference, initially on my entry edge i am traveling North, but after the outside cusp my exit edge is now travelling south.
Counters are a one-foot turn that have a change of direction but NO change of edge, rotating counter to the initial direction or entry edge and therefore presenting a cusp that deviates outside of the initial or ‘old’ circle. Even though it may seem natural to refer to the cusp as occurring outside this ‘old’ circle we tend to refer to it occurring inside the ‘new’ adjacent circle.
So again, using the same example, if i was traveling in a forward outside direction but this time decided i wanted to perform a counter, i would rotate counter to the initial direction my body was traveling and create an outside cusp BUT as i exited my cusp I would now be on a backward outside edge.
What i would also notice (using the diagram below for reference) is that my overall trajectory had NOT changed. You can see that during my initial entry edge i am traveling North, but after my cusp the exit edge is still traveling in the Northern direction.
So what is the big difference between a bracket and a counter?
- Both have a change of direction (i.e. forward to backward or vice versa)
- Both have an outside cusp
- Both rotate counter to the direction of the initial or entry edge
- Brackets have a change of edge whilst a rocker does not.
- Bracket = outside to inside/inside to outside
- Counter = outside to outside/inside to inside
- Brackets have a change in overall trajectory, however counters do not.
- Bracket = north/south or east/west etc
- Counter = north/north or east/east etc
In the next blog of this series we will touch on travelings & loops, and give an overall summary of our 6 one-foot turns.
Founder of Māia Fitness
Skate Australia (2012). Australian Artistic Committee Dance Manual Part 1. Edition 14. Retrieved from https://www.sk8info.org.au/manuals/dance1.pdf
Skate Australia. (2016). Australian Artistic Committee Figure Manual. Edition 11. Retrieved from
World Skate. (2019). Rules for Artistic Roller Skating Competitions General 2020 Retrieved from