Choctaws

Choctaws

Today we are going to dissect the choctaw two-foot turn.

Choctaws:
– Uses both feet to change direction (Forwards to backwards or backwards to forwards)
– Incorporate a change of edge (Inside to outside or outside to inside)
– Have no overall change of trajectory (see Two-foot turns post for more info)

All this being said, like to mohawks, choctaws have many different variations in execution meaning one choctaw can look quite different to the next.

Overview

Choctaws follow the same pattern as mohawks in regards to the orientation of the hip and placement of the free leg during weight transfer. As you will notice the choctaw variation table (Table 1.1) below is identical to the Mohawk Variation Table.

Table 1.1 Choctaw Variations

Since Choctaws have the extra complication of a change of edge, however, there are a few extra factors to consider that luckily follow a pattern!

  • Outside to Inside Choctaws will result in the closed hip position*
  • Inside to Outside Choctaws will result in the open hip position*
  • Left to Right Choctaws rotate more commonly in the clockwise direction
  • Right to Left Choctaws rotate more commonly in the anticlockwise direction

* see Mohawks Blog post for more information regarding open/closed hip position

Table 1.2 Similarities and Differences between Choctaws

Most Common Choctaw’s

Open (Op Cw)

Open Choctaw’s have specific techniques set by World Skate that differ depending on the starting direction (i.e. forwards or backwards).

  • Forward to Backwards: ‘turn is executed heel to heel, with the new free foot moving into the line of travel as the old free foot takes the floor’ (World Skate, 2019b)
  • Backwards to Forwards: ‘the turn is executed from behind the heel, with the free leg trailing after the turn. (World Skate, 2019b)
  • Tracing crosses with the behind the heel weight transfer of a backward to forward open choctaw but not with the heel to heel weight transfer of a forward to backward open choctaw.
  • Hip – after the weight transfer the new free leg is now trailing behind the heel of the new employed skate, resulting in a open hip position.
Left Inside Forward to Right Outside Backward Clockwise Open Choctaw executed with a Heel to Heel weight transfer.
Right Inside Backward to Left Outside Forward Anticlockwise Open Choctaw using executed with weight transfer behind the heel.

Closed (Cl Cw)

  • Freeleg placed behind the employed skate in both the forwards to backwards and backwards to forwards closed choctaw execution.
  • Tracing – does cross during turn
  • Hip – after the weight transfer the new free leg is now ahead of the toe-stop of the new employed skate, resulting in a closed hip position.
Right Outside Forward to Left Inside Backward Anticlockwise Closed Choctaw Diagram.

Heel to heel (Hh Cw)

  • Freeleg is placed adjacent to the heel of the employed skate.
  • Tracing – does not cross during turn
  • Hip – after the weight transfer the new free leg is now trailing behind the heel of the new employed skate, resulting in a open hip position.
  • Note: Whilst the forward to backward open choctaw does require a heel to heel weight transfer, technically you can still complete a backward to forward heel to heel choctaw, therefore allowing this type of choctaw to warrant it’s own seperate category.
Left Outside Backward to Right Inside Forward Clockwise Heel to Heel Choctaw Diagram

Less Common Choctaw

As with Mohawks, the below choctaw is are considered less common as it is rarely performed in competitive roller figure skating.

Inverted (Iv Cw)

  • Position where free leg is placed before weight transfer – Toe of the free leg placed adjacent to the toe of the employed skate
  • Tracing – does not cross during turn
  • Hip – after the weight transfer the new free leg is now ahead of the toe-stop of the new employed skate, resulting in a closed hip position.

Variations

Dropped

A dropped choctaw is any choctaw where the second or exit edge is only held for less than one beat of music

Held

A held choctaw is any choctaw with an exit edge that is held for more than one second.

Swing

A swing choctaw is any choctaw where a swing of the freeleg past the employed skate is performed before the freeleg returns to the employed skate and weight transfer occurs completing the choctaw.


That completes the last installment of the two-foot turn skating skill posts! I hope you all enjoyed this layout and my diagrams helped you better understand two foot turns and how to distinguish between the many different executions of choctaw’s and mohawk’s.

Ngā Mihi,

Sarah Butler
Founder of Māia Fitness

Reference List

Skate Australia (2012a). Australian Artistic Committee Dance Manual Part 1. Edition 14. Retrieved from https://www.sk8info.org.au/manuals/dance1.pdf

Skate Australia (2012b). Australian Artistic Committee Dictionary. Edition 4. Retrieved from https://www.sk8info.org.au/manuals/dictionary.pdf

World Skate. (2019a). Rules for Artistic Roller Skating Competitions Dance Book 2020 Retrieved from
http://www.worldskate.org/artistic/about/regulations/category/262-rule-books.html?download=3977:official-regulation-artistic-dance-and-solo-dance-book-2020

World Skate. (2019b). Rules for Artistic Roller Skating Competitions General 2020 Retrieved from
http://www.worldskate.org/artistic/about/regulations/category/262-rule-books.html?download=3966:official-regulation-artistic-general-2020

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